India is moving away from coal, but what is it doing about communities displaced in mining areas?

The rapid progress towards clean energy did not prevent evictions in coal belts. This is a good time to take stock of life in the centers of coal mines in India. Earlier this month, India has quickly reiterated its commitment to the Paris climate agreement following the release of the United States from the multi-party agreement to curb global warming.

The government is increasingly shifting from electricity production from coal to renewable energy. As the price of solar energy has reached an unprecedented level of 2.44 Rs per kilowatt hour in May, the governments of the Uttar Pradesh states in Andhra Pradesh have ruled out additional thermal capacity. India’s draft National Electricity Plan, released in December, sees thermal power capacity at 69% of India’s electricity generation mix at 43% by 2027.

Another important milestone noted by the country last month was the conviction of former Coal Secretary HC Gupta and two other senior officials accused of criminal conspiracy and deception under the Indian Penal Code and corruption under The Law on Prevention of Corruption of the irregularities of allocation of coal block Thesgora-B Rudrapur in Madhya Pradesh.

The case was part of the coal scam under the former regime of the United Progressive Alliance called Coalgate. In 2014, the Supreme Court canceled 214 coal concessions granted between 1993 and 2013, citing “arbitrary misapplication of mind” and. In the last three years, there have been three convictions in the cases of coal scams.

Despite this, it is no exaggeration to say that the coal scam trial has done justice to the various mine-affected communities in the coal-rich regions of India. Even the transition to renewable energy has not slowed down the cycle of movement and the spectrum of contamination in these tapes. After the Supreme Court on the coal scam, there was the expectation that coal mining would slow down.

But that does not happen, in part because of the trial, the cancellation of most existing mining concessions, served as a justification for Coal India Limited is developing rapidly, citing a shortage of coal. India’s coal production has increased from 462 million tons to 536 million tons between 2014 and 2016, an increase of 16%. In 2015-16, Coal India Limited and Singareni Coalfields together contributed 93% of coal mining in India.

Adivasi and Dalit communities living in the shadow of public sector mines have been the hardest hit by this increase in mining activity. As Coal India has pursued an expansion target of 1.5 billion tons per year, entire villages have disappeared in less than three years. The city that gave its name to the Tetariakhar Indian coal mine in Jharkhand no longer exists because the last Dalit family living on the edge have been forced to move in 2015, supposedly because they were forced by officials to the company and militias Local authorities acting on your request. Now they live in the shadow of the discharges from the mine. The village of Barkuta in Chhattisgarh was completed by Kusmunda, one of the largest coal mines in Asia that could be adapted to any center of Delhi at its height.

The Indian Coal expansion was carried out using a combination of eminent domain laws to acquire land mass, citing national interest, while using exceptions to justify a coal shortage.

India’s urban water crisis calls for an integrated approach

We need solutions that address different aspects of the aquatic ecosystem and involve the collective participation of citizens and other stakeholders.

According to a UN report, about 1.2 billion people, almost a fifth of the world’s population, live in areas where water is scarce and physically 1.6 billion people, almost a quarter of The world’s population, face the scarcity of economic water. They lack basic access to water. The criticality of the water situation in the world has led to speculation about wars for water that become a real possibility in the future. In India, the problem is exacerbated by population growth and urbanization. The Asian Development Bank predicts that by 2030, India will have a water deficit of 50%.

The challenges of water in urban India
In urban India, the situation is critical. By 2015, about 377 million Indians lived in urban areas and, by 2030, the urban population is expected to reach 590 million. Already, according to the National Sample Survey, only 47% of urban households have individual water connections and about 40% to 50% of the water that would have been lost in distribution systems for various reasons. In addition, according to the 2011 census, only 32.7% of urban households in India are connected to a sewer pipe.
Any comprehensive solution to the problem of water in urban India must take into account the specific problems related to the management and distribution of water:

Pressure on water sources: Increasing water demand means increasing pressure on water sources, especially in cities. In a city like Mumbai, for example, 3,750 million liters per day (MLD) of water, including water for commercial and industrial use, are available, while 4,500 MLD is needed. The main water sources for cities like Mumbai are lakes created by dams in rivers near the city.

The distribution of available water is 386,971 connections to 13 million inhabitants of the city. When the distribution is difficult, the solution is the use of groundwater. A study conducted by the Center for Science and Environment, 48% of urban water supply in India comes from groundwater. The exploitation of groundwater for commercial and domestic use in cities lower groundwater level.

Problems with distribution and loss of water: Distribution challenges, such as loss of water due to theft, piloting, leaking pipes and faulty meter readings, lead to uneven distribution and not regulated water. In New Delhi, for example, the loss of water supply was 40% according to a study. In Mumbai, where most residents receive only 2 to 5 hours of water per day, non-recurring water loss accounts for about 27% of the world’s water supply.

This limits the budget of the municipal body and influences the improvement of the distribution infrastructure. Factors such as the difficulty of the terrain and legal problems with buildings also affect the water supply of many parts. According to one study, only 5% of tap water reaches the slums in 42 cities in India, including Delhi. A 2011 study also found that 95% of households in the slums of the Bombay kaula district of Bunder during certain times of the year use less than the WHO recommended a minimum of 50 liters per inhabitant per day.

Pressure Modi, not Mamata: The Gorkhaland agitation is directed at the wrong regime

On June 20, just before the Minister of the Union, Kiren Rijiju, arrived in Gangtok to hold the Yoga Day celebrations the next day, more than 6,000 people marched through the city to Gorkhaland. In the small state of Sikkim, it is a meeting. It was, in fact, larger than the 1975 demonstrations demanding the merger of Sikkim with India.

The next day, shortly after the yoga demonstration Rijiju received a delegation of local leaders from Gorkha. They echoed what Bimal Gurung, head of Gorkha Ene Mukti Morcha, based in Darjeeling in neighboring West Bengal, said that the only way to restore peace and justice to the people is the creation of Gorkha Gorkhaland.

This has long been the position of GJMM. The party has adhered to the same position when it signed an agreement with the central government and Bengal to create Territorial Administration Gorkhaland in July 2011, replacing the Gorkha Hill Council of Darjeeling established in 1988. That day, while the minister Mamata Banerjee said that West Bengal will not be divided, Gurung said that “it has its own political limitations and we have ours.”

However, after the agreement, the GJMM and Congress Banerjee Trinamool seemed to listen well. The party in power has not answered the first election to the territorial administration Gorkhaland in 2012, leaving the party to victory Gurung, taking the 45 seats. Gurung satisfaction by the agreement as a “milestone in a Gorkhaland state.”

Since then, however, the two separate parts. The ruling has only expanded when the territorial administration Gorkhaland is nearing the end of its first term on 3 August. The GJMM has now declared that this provision of governance can not work and that a separate state is the only way to repair Gorkha’s mistakes and safeguard his identity, language, and interests in accordance with the Constitution.

The Nepalese people of Darjeeling Hills have long dreamed of a separate state. In fact, they believe they have been fraudulently denied. Original sin, so to speak, is committed when the ruling elite of Bengal gave demographic drugs to the states,

Reorganization Commission in the 1950s, which ensured that a number of communities were not classified as tribes, which excludes the possibility that the hills are declared independent under the sixth annex of the Constitution. Successive regimes in Calcutta have done their utmost to maintain Darjeeling Hills in West Bengal. In 1988 and 2012, this was achieved by manufacturing, respectively, the Gorkha Hill Council of Darjeeling and the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration so that they became Bengal government agencies instead of autonomous constitutional bodies.

This is the context in which two political decisions announced by the Banerjee government in May-June 2017 became the immediate triggers of agitation in progress.

On May 16, the state has made compulsory Bengali teaching in all schools up to class 10. Meanwhile, children must choose two from a basket of languages: Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Nepalese, Santhali, and English. It was the response to the Banerjee Narendra Modi regime to make the teaching of Hindi compulsory in schools affiliated to the Central Board of Education school.

Nokia 3310 finally launches in India; guess what’s the price?

The popular Nokia 3310 phone has finally come to India, and came in a redesigned version. The new owner of Nokia, HMD Global launched the phone in the Indian market. The 2017 version of Nokia 3310 will be available in stores in India from May 18, 2017. It is interesting that the price of the phone at home can bring a smile to your face. Global HMD was to give a price of Rs 3310 for this device. The company wins Nokia 3310 in four color variants in India. While dark blue and gray options, both of which have a matte finish, warm red and yellow will have a glossy finish.
Ajey Mehta, VP-India, HMD, Global, said: “Talk all day with a single charge, send texts, take pictures and enjoy a pocket jukebox with an integrated FM radio and MP3 player. Classic key is sure to make you smile.It has everything you remember, but with a modern design.Which key for either a phone with a feature that offers an incredible battery life a rotating design or an additional handset, the Nokia 3310 Do not advise that “the Nokia 3310 was unveiled at the 2017 Mobile World Congress (MWC) along with three smartphones from HMD Global -. 6 Nokia, Nokia and Nokia 3. 5 Nokia 3310 first unveiled in 2000 and paved the way for a new generation of devices with robust body and larger batteries. The Nokia 3310 was relaunched at the Mobile World Congress 2017.
Specifications: Nokia has a QVGA 2.4 inches 3310 and a battery of 1200 mAh with a maximum range of 22.1 hours. The phone has a radio, music player and is compatible with a Nokia MicroUSB charger. The total memory of the phone is 16 MB and you can use a microSD slot with a limit of 32 GB. The phone works with the Nokia Series 30 + operating system. The Nokia 3310 has a 2MP camera on the back with an LED flash. The phone has a web browser offers, but users can not download applications.

Monsoon to arrive 2 days earlier, to hit Kerala by May 30, says Met; rainfall to be 96% of LPA

The monsoon may reach the coast of the state of Kerala by May 30, two days before the previous expectations, said the Indian Meteorological Department has given a new relief to the economy heavily dependent on agribusiness, as we had predicted That India would receive more rains this year than last year. Monsoon winds are expected to hit the coast of the southern state two days before the calendar, told Reuters citing an unidentified source in the department.
Earlier last week, the office said that India was going to receive a ‘normal’ monsoon and more rain this year than last year, as concerns about the El Niño weather condition declined.
Today, an ET meeting official said that this year’s monsoon rains would be 96% of the long-term average, reiterating the Ministry’s forecasts in April. The official also told the television channel that the monsoon would advance into the Andaman Sea in the next 48 hours. The Indian Meteorological Department establishes 96% -104% of the long-term mean as’ normal ‘, less than 96% below normal’ and less than 90% ‘poor’.
The department met expects that El Niño conditions remain neutral during the monsoon season and weaken in the second half of the monsoon, the official told ET Now. The department will meet to update its forecasts for the first week of June, he added.
Last month, however, the weather agency, a private weather forecasting agency, predicted an El Niño event – a phenomenon associated with warming Pacific waters – this year, which could have a negative impact on the monsoon During the last part of the monsoon period. Skymet, another private forecasting agency, had also predicted that the monsoon would be slightly lower than normal this year, and El Niño is considered the main cause of a weak monsoon forecast.

Full text: USA is ‘primary partner’ for India’s transformation, says Modi in Washington

US President Donald Trump said India was now a “true friend” in the White House. The former Minister Narendra Modi and US President Donald Trump read short statements in the White House Rose Garden after having a personal meeting at the Oval House on Monday. In statements, Trump said that India now has a “true friend” in the White House, while Modi highlighted the US. As a “key partner” for the transformation of India. Full statements of the two leaders, as recorded by the White House, are as follows:

TRIUNFO PRESIDENT: Thank you. Modi’s Prime Minister, thank you for coming here today. It is a great honor to welcome the world’s largest democracy leader to the White House.

I have always had a great admiration for his country and its people, and a deep appreciation for its rich culture, heritage, and traditions. This summer, India will celebrate the 70th anniversary of its independence and on behalf of the United States, I congratulate the Indians of this magnificent milestone in the life of their very incredible nation.

During my campaign, he promised that, if elected, India would have a true friend in the White House. And now it’s exactly what you, a true friend. The friendship between the US And India is based on shared values, including our common commitment to democracy. Not many people know this, but the constitutions of the United States and India begin with the same three beautiful words: we the people.

The Prime Minister and I understand the crucial importance of these words, which helps form the basis of cooperation between our two countries. Relations between countries are stronger when they are dedicated to the interests of those we serve. And after our meetings today, I would say that the relationship between India and the United States has never been stronger, it has never been better.

I am proud to announce to the media, Americans, and Indians, that the Prime Minister of Modi and are world leaders in social networks – (laughs) – we believe – give citizens the opportunity of our country to listen directly to their Elected representatives and listen directly. I think it is very good in both cases.

I am delighted to welcome you, Indian Prime Minister Modi and for everything you do together. Their achievements were enormous. The economy of India is the fastest growing in the world. We hope that we will catch very soon in terms of percentage increase, I have to tell you. We are working on it.

In just two weeks, you will begin to apply the greatest tax review of your country’s history – we also do it by going for great opportunities for your citizens. You have a great vision to improve infrastructure and fight against government corruption, which remains a serious threat to democracy.

Together, our countries can help to chart an optimistic path in the future, which unleashes the power of new technologies, new infrastructure and the enthusiasm and excitement of working people very, very dynamic.

Deepika Padukone has NOT removed her RK tattoo, here’s proof!

The buzz around the RK tattoo Deepika Padukone does not seem to die. Advertising in Bangladesh recently a popular brand of soap has attracted everyone’s attention. The ad shows that Deepika conjures up a sari and, oddly enough, his infamous RK tattoo – framed in the neck – is nowhere. This has led to speculation as to whether the actor has finally removed the tattoo, which he did when actor Ranbir Kapoor won. However, the recent appearance of Metika Gala Deepika shows that the tattoo is very present in the same place. She even shared a photo on her Instagram page and wrote: “# metgala2017”. This means that the tattoo, which is invisible in the ad must be camouflaged with makeup. It is interesting to note that the tattoo was not visible in a soda. Actor Piku faced the tattoo RK Farhan Akhtar. Deepika was the hottest conversation in town when her relationship with Ranbir. However, for the most well-known reasons, both separated and separated somewhere and are now friends. While Ranbir started dating Katrina Kaif, Deepika has also found love in Ranveer Singh. While Ranbir Katrina has broken up with him a while ago, Deepika and Ranveer seem to still go strong. Meanwhile, the 31-year-old player currently voting to vote Padmavati Sanjay Leela Bhansali, will make an appearance at the Cannes Film Festival From May 17 The actor has clicked at Mumbai airport Sunday evening just before Take a flight to attend the festival. Not only fans, even fashion critics are delighted to see the Deepika red carpet when it debuted in Cannes.

China says Kailash Mansarovar Yatra suspended because of border standoff

Beijing has demanded the withdrawal of Indian troops have crossed the Sikkim section of the China-India border. China confirmed on Monday that its decision to suspend the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra through Nathu La is based on the dead-end border, Xinhua reported. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang demanded that India removes its border guards, which Beijing accuses Sikkim of crossing the border section between China and India.

The Chinese army Monday accused the Indian army of causing tension in the real control line by halting the construction of a highway in what claims to be China’s “sovereign territory” in the Sikkim region along the border between India and China.

Beijing has said that Indian troops had “obstructed the normal activities of the Chinese border forces in the Donglang region recently, and the Chinese side has taken counter-measures”.

“China is dedicated to the development of bilateral relations and firmly uphold its legitimate rights,” Beijing said. “China expects India to be half way, will do nothing to complicate border issues and jointly maintain the good momentum of relations.”

However, India has stated that a fight broke out between Indian Army personnel and the People’s Liberation Army during the first week of June, near the Lalten post in a region from Sikkim to La Doka, authorities in New Delhi. PLA soldiers have damaged more than two exchange bunkers on the Indian side.

Indian authorities said the clash could not be deactivated even after a meeting between the flag of the military high command on both sides. “There was a stampede and a struggle between rival troops. Our soldiers formed a human fence to deny the PLA troops to make further incursions,” said an official of The Times of India.

Similar clashes occurred in this area of Sikkim for 10 days. In November 2008, Chinese forces had destroyed the bunkers of the improvised Indian army in one place.

The Mansarovar Yatra, which was reported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sushma Swaraj June 11 was suspended on June 23 after China has responded to about 50 Indian pilgrims who would be allowed to enter it when weather and road conditions would improve. The pilgrims, who had to go to Tibet for the Nathu La Pass in Sikkim, had to return to Gangtok.

This year, seven batches of 50 pilgrims crossed each Tibet through Nathu La and 18 batches of 60 pilgrims were scheduled to meet Kailash through Lipu Lekh’s neck in Uttarakhand, Hindustan Times reported. The Nathu La route was inaugurated in June 2015. Managed by the government of the Tibet Autonomous Region by China, hiking time is reduced.

Not a masterstroke: BJP picked Kalam for president after 2002 riots, Kovind after attacks on Dalits

On 10 June 2002, the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced his decision to appoint scientist Abdul Kalam as presidential candidate. This surprised the opposition. The media acclaimed as if it were a master stroke, a descriptor that is now used to praise all the decisions made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Who could argue against Kalam’s election? It was already known as the rifle of India, had played a leading role in the nuclear test in 1998 and was a Muslim. One of India’s Muslim nationalist armed was not the person that Prime Minister Vajpayee needed to calm his ideological criticism.

The summer of 2002 was repeated in June 2017. Once again, the BJP threw the opposition into chaos with its election of Ram Nath Kovind as presidential candidate. Just as one can not oppose a Muslim nationalist can not criticize the election of a Dalit.

So what is a Dalit who was not well known for being on the street corners to demand, in a strident language, perpetually endings of atrocities perpetrated by members of the higher castes, for being punished; A Dalit who is not known to criticize the caste hierarchy of India and has not threatened to alter the balance of power in society?

One can only support a dalit, since you have a Muslim general or a defense scientist. If you do not, you have to be labeled as anti-Dalit, as Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan has already warned those who would vote against Kovind. In this way, for once, ideology and identity became overlapping.

Kalam then Kovind now
The election of BJP Kalam in 2002 and now Kovind as presidential candidates share another similarity. In February-March 2002, Gujarat was the scene of a terrible pogrom which resulted in the deaths of more than 1,000 Muslims. Thousands of dozens of other properties were looted or burned. Many have been uprooted from their homes. This has fueled outrage outside of Gujarat. Anyway, Vajpayee was surprised by the degree of violence.

It is in this context that Kalam was chosen as the BJP candidate. Kalam was supposed to be a nail, so to speak, from collective conscience damage to India. For Muslims who demanded justice, their appointment is very little involved – after all, raising their account at a daily ceremony could not lessen the pain and fear they experienced in Gujarat.

Kalam, however, had a great symbolic significance for Hindus outraged by the failure of the state machinery in Gujarat. For them, Kalam’s election was a guarantee that Sangh Parivar did not completely hate Muslims, but was able to atone for the act of a grave injustice by giving honor to a worthy Muslims. He also strengthened his faith in the much vaunted Vajpayee liberalism.

Similarly, the bottom of the designation of Kovind is the growing boom of Dalit, India has witnessed in the last three years. By insisting that Rohith Vemula, Dalit students from the Central University of Hyderabad who committed suicide in January 2016, actually belonged to other castes back, the Dalit One whipping, in July 2016 for a dead cow skin; Vice President Uttar Pradesh BJP Dayashankar Singh, saying last year that Bahujan Party leader Samaj Mayawati was “worse than a prostitute,” the party that gave Swati Singh, Singh’s wife a ticket to Uttar Pradesh assembly elections , Including the then Ministry Adityanath in March – abounding cases of humiliating Dalit BJP.

The Daily Fix: India’s coasts are under threat – from its own governments

The Indian coast, which measures 7,516 km and the only coastal states receive about 560 million people, according to data from the 2011 census. Along the coast live several vulnerable communities that depend on the sea and the shore for their livelihood. The law also recognizes the traditional rights of the coast. Supported by order of the Supreme Court, environmentalists have succeeded in recent years, forcing the government to regulate the coast and to develop rules that, when applied in spirit, protect this ecosystem sensitive against development and degenerative damage.

But despite years of activism and judicial pronouncements, governments continue to act very opaque about coastal regulations. Central and state governments have resisted sharing information about important regulatory mechanisms and the changes that take them periodically. Many of these changes are made in direct contradiction with the original legislation and are in the form of condontion of unbridled construction and industrial violations of retrospective permits. In some cases, as in Tamil Nadu, the government in order to conceal crucial public opinion coastal plans in order to facilitate invasions in streams and estuaries. These invasions have been one of the reasons for the floods that hit Chennai in December 2015.

The effects of an operation of this type non-transparent could cause incalculable damage to the coast, as we have seen in the case of Pondicherry. A port project that was launched despite opposition in the 1980s has led to severe coastal erosion, Pondicherry’s famous beach completely disappear in a few years. Today, what was once a beautiful sandy beach was replaced by breakwaters to contain erosion.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Union is no better, if not worse, than the state governments. The Center has developed a new legal framework to protect the coast. Call for notification of the coastal zone control in 2017, which will replace the notification of coastal zone regulation 2011. Its contents have not been made publicly available. The wording has been made with the public consultation close to zero, even if it is about the lives of about 560 million people. Activists are still struggling to get the coordinates of the high tide Line, a key element in the implementation of the coastal regulation zone.

Although the government seems to believe that the denial of transparency could help achieve short-term economic benefits through the use of coastal resources, this only leads to long-term irreversible damage to India’s environmental interests. That is why the Supreme Court in 1995 stated:

“To tolerate violation of the laws [of the environment] is worse than not promulgating the legislation at all …. The continued tolerance of such violations of the law not only renders irrefutable legal provisions, but such tolerance by the authorities in charge Of law enforcement fosters illegality and means of adoption that can not or should not be tolerated in a civilized society. ”

India’s new littoral rules were promulgated in confidence and facilitated further commercialization.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Union will not disclose the details of India’s high tide line, facing this important information as a business asset.
Vinita Govindarajan reports how Tamil Nadu concealed the crucial coastal plan to allow intrusion of a stream near Madras.