COVERSTORY BSNL/Bharti Reliance Tata Reliance Vodafone Idea Aircel Trik

more evolved for 4G, while Jio ini­tially took on 2,300 MHz. Only later did Jio apply and securel,800 MHz in the auction of February 2014 by paying Rs 11,100 crore as spectrum fees. In the auction this year in March, Jio secured spectrum in the 800 MHz band for another Rs 10,100 crore. The spectrum auction fees are not paid in one go, but is spread over the licence period. And yet, it is still a substantial cost to op­erators and the reason why their in­vestment in infrastructure is low.

Jio employees say they have been able to integrate the 1,800 MHz and 2,300 MHz bands for rolling out their services. Industry sources say this integration is not easy and is a technology challenge. Industry ob­servers say the company is still work­ing on the integration of800 MHz, while the 1,800 MHz and 2,300 MHz integration is complete. This means the rollout will not be a big one of both voice and data across the country. The first phase will be in those 13 circles in which Jio has both 1,800 MHz and 2,300 MHz. This will be followed later with a rollout in circles where Jio has just 800 MHz.

Data Is King

Jio may roll out over the coming years and cover 800 cit­ies, but it is not seen as a challenge for voice services. Its biggest advantage is that it is a data network and offers far superior speed than anything else (The Thrills of Speed).

Data revenues are growing fast for all the operators. In


Data revenues are growing fastforalloperators

fact, the smaller operators with lim­ited circles sell more data packages than voice. For instance, if you notice the advertising of Sistema Shyam Teleservices, which sells telecom ser­vices under the brand name MTS, you would think it is an Internet ser­vice provider, selling dongles. Simi­larly, Tata-DoCoMo also positioned itself as a data service provider. Air- tel’s data revenue as a percentage of total mobile revenue is in the range of 16 per cent to 17 per cent and growing much faster than its voice revenues. Every operator is witness­ing a similar growth in data volumes and revenues. This is the low hang­ing fruit that Jio is expected to capture by becoming the second SIM in existing handsets. Consumers may con­tinue to use voice with their existing providers, but for heavy data usage they will shift to a Jio SIM.

Which is why one of the first apps that Jio launched is a WhatsApp clone called, uninspiringly, Jio Chat. The app allows users to video chat, besides a few other bells and whistles. It may not have caught popular attention but it did trigger an action from operators, who first began fa­vouring some apps and choking bandwidth for others. While the issue was labelled as a Net Neutrality battle, it was really more of a peremptory strike by incumbents against Jio’s app-based strategy.

Jio’s strategy is not just about apps; it includes a combi­
nation of products and services. Jio Chat is an example of one such product, which can be downloaded on any phone and can work with any operator, though to realise its true potential you might need a second SIM card from Jio.

Breaking Out In Hotspots

A similar product is offering broadband wi-fi services in select locations. Jio has been studying user behaviour pat­terns in Ahmedabad by offering broadband wi-fi services in six-eight locations. These services are in malls and open public spaces. The company may offer more such hotspots to let people experience Jio services.

Wi-fi is an important area for all telecom operators. Vodafone, Airtel and even Idea seem to be developing hot­spots or working with wi-fi operators. Jio is using a blend of LTE and wi-fi networks to provide connectivity in select spots, but this will only proliferate. It is working with state governments and city authorities to provide wi-fi services, according to the Reliance Industries annual report for 2014-15.


RAMPING UP APPS        Another product that Jio is

Jio s WhatsApp clone, Jio planning to launch is My-fi, a Chat, triggered action       „              …             , . , , .

from rival operators               small credit card-sized device

that one can carry to create small wi-fi zones. This is a product for todays digital connected- everywhere generation. Jio officials confirm the device ex­ists and there are pictures of it floating online. The pricing for My-Fi is said to be Rs 1,800-2,000 but this is conjec­ture. Technically, people could use their existing phones combined with My-Fi to make voice or video calls, pro­vided the data charges are low; so low that users won’t think about their consumption patterns while using it.

High-speed broadband connectivity over fibre and wireless-to-home is another product that the company is developing, according to its annual report and other
sources. One of its breakthrough products uses a micro base station installed outside the home. This will provide a number of services. Technically, this base station can provide video content for IP-enabled TVs and of course, broadband into the house. This is expected to disrupt DTH service providers, who are the only HD quality TV services providers.

Jio has also developed a bigger version of its micro base station to service a whole colony. This unnamed station can also function as a wi-fi hub like the GBM towers. It is small enough to be placed on an electric pole and has been developed by Cisco under its small cell network. It covers a radius of50-60 metres.

Within its content services, Jio is also planning to launch a set-top box that can replace existing DTH boxes. With these, one can watch the past seven days of pro­gramming from the cloud. It also allows people to buy and download movies and keep them in the cloud to watch later. To make this possible the company has invested in a data centre to host these services. While the size and ca­pacity of the centres is not known, its existence gives Jio a big edge and pitches them against not just telecom opera­tors, but also digital services providers like Googles You­Tube or even Facebook’s WhatsApp Messenger. Both these Internet companies are not able to offer high quality HD content as their data centres are outside the country.

The data centre is also important as Jio is offering VoLTE that perforce requires a telecom cloud. Sandeep Girotra of Nokia says, “For VoLTE to successfully take off in India, an underlying IMS (IP multimedia systems) net­work is a must. This also requires a gradual shift towards Telco Cloud, where many of the IMS infrastructure can be on a cloud platform, making it faster and easier for new applications like VoLTE to be deployed.”

As for Airtel’s plans to bundle content along with its 4G service, Srini Gopalan says: “Differentiating telecom ser­vices using content is old school. There are obvious limita­tion of both content and bandwidth here. There is a short­age of spectrum and till it is resolved it is not possible to realise the potential of mobile broadband.”

Airtel is not the only sceptic. Other companies like Vodafone and Idea are also not following a strategy to seed the market with both content and devices. Jio, as a pioneer, has to create the market and has no choice but to shoot the arrows and scare away competition. It is also hoping that the seeds it has been sowing for so long, will give it a rich harvest soon. ED

  1. Yatish Rajawat is a smiorjournalist based in Delhi

& @yatiskrajawat For more on telecom, visit

HE ROLLOUT OF RELIANCE JIO’S 4G SERVICE this time may cause ripples, but not waves or a tsunami as the entry of Reliance Infocomm had caused in 2001, supported by distortions in policy framework then. There have been massive expectations in the tele­com sector ever since Reliance Industries (RIL) acquired a majority stake in Infotel Broadband, which won pan-India broadband wireless access (BWA) licenses in the 2010 auction. The expectations have hinged on Mukesh Ambani-led Reliance’s re-entry into the telecom space through Reliance Jio Infocomm. The Reliance group’s foray into the mobile segment in 2001 via Reliance Infocomm had challenged and practically trans­formed the country’s telecom landscape through its market-disruptive strategies through blatant policy manipulations and large-scale operations. Back then, Reliance was instru­mental in introducing various offerings at dirt-cheap prices, which went on to revolution­ise wireless growth in India. The industry, experts and users are now expecting a very similar wave to sweep the broadband segment.

Coming to the positive side, Reliance Jio does have several inherent strengths as a com­pany. It always had the financial backing of RIL, one of the largest business entities in the country. Due to this, the company always had sizeable resources and in the past, it has been a market changer with disruptive marketing strategies. That is no longer a plus

point, when incumbents too are well entrenched, tech­nologically and financially. In the past three to four years, Reliance has managed to build up significant ca­pacity. It has a fairly large and geographically well- spread network and Reliance has always seemed to maintain cordial relations with top government offi­cials. Somehow, whenever someone decides to analyse its history, they realise that various policies were tweaked to favour them from time to time.

Reliance Jio aims to become India’s largest telecom player within three years of its service launch and to break even by the end of the third year of operations, many believe that Reliance Jio can change the pecking order in the world’s second-largest telecom market. But personally, we feel there are some major obstacles that Reliance Jio might be facing at the entry level. The po­tential challenges are very basic in nature, i.e. a weak device ecosystem, lack of backhaul network support and issues related to the low density of 4G networks. The al­ready saturated urban voice market and the incum­bents’ underutilised 3G networks will definitely pose challenges. Passive infrastructure sharing with existing incumbents will help Reliance Jio in the short-term only, but pan-India service strategy will require the es­tablishment of new towers and cables, leading to huge capital expenditures.

We believe that while the company may want to adopt the strategy of disruptive pricing again, the scenario has changed significantly over the past decade or so. Cus­tomers are more educated and spoilt now. They would need a strong reason to switch from one operator to an­other. Either the quality of service being offered by Reli­ance Jio has to be the key differentiator or the price strategy of the service has to be extremely attractive for majority Indians. However, this doesn’t seem to be an easy task in the ruthless telecom market that currently

It gives the fastest mobile Internet experience so far

A ground-based mast (GBM) tower design with­out back-up diesel generators. Incidentally, telecom is the third largest consumer of diesel in the country, thanks to a patchy power scenario.

Jio’s GBM design integrates a lithium-ion battery as a back-up inside the towers itself. The design was presented at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. It also takes much less space and offers better coverage. The tower can be set up on 4 square metres and connected by fibre. According to Jio officials, the competition did not make it easy for them to get access to towers, which had fi­bre connectivity. “Even in places that had towers with fi­bre connectivity, there were more than six operators on it. So we had to install our own towers in key high-density traffic areas,” says a Jio official.

“LTE operators have to deploy VoLTE as voice will remain ubiquitous and help save costs”


India head, Nokia Networks

Airtel is the only operator among the incumbents seri­ous about 4G implementation. It has already started roll­ing out services to pre-empt the Jio launch. Airtel’s strat­egy is to upgrade its existing 3G network to 4G, and it has

  • out of1,75,000 towers 3G-enabled. Srini Gopalan, head of consumer business at Airtel, says, “We will have 4G in 20 cities by 2016, and as we already have a 3G network we will use it as a fallback for voice for our 4G networks.”

The fallback for voice is another issue that has delayed the rollout of the Jio network. It’s really designed for data, not voice. 4G networks use a technology known as voice over LTE (VoLTE) for carrying voice. Sandeep Girotra, head of India, Nokia Networks, says LTE operators will have to deploy VoLTE as voice will remain ubiquitous and it will help save operating costs. Moreover, the voice and video experience is possible. So for voice, Jio has to add both infrastructure and data centres.

4G Handsets At Hand

For many years, 4G handsets haven’t been available in In­dia. It’s been a chicken-or-egg situation, with handset manufacturers waiting for some sign of life before launch­ing them in the country and cellular operators waiting for enough users to warrant moving up to faster connectivity. 4G handsets need to be configured for VoLTE and the eco­system for this is still evolving, but LTE-capable handsets are now being launched in almost every price segment, ex­cept the absolute bottom tier. Samsung and LG’s flagship phones, for example, are 4G-ready. These are, of course, expensive handsets. But down in the Rs 5,000 to Rs

  • segment, phones like the Redmi 2 are also simi­larly 4G-ready. All that is now needed is 4G networks, such as the one set in motion by Airtel.

Airtel is able to roll out services faster as it has the ad­vantage of working in the 1,800 MHz space, which is far


Why Are Some Smart Students Using the Mind Machine?

Read Below What Some Students Are Saying
and How You Can Benefit…



Had doubts whether it will work for me or not

Arjun KP

12th Standard CBSE Kannur, Kerala

Before ordering I had doubts whether it will work for me or not. I had purchased your book Raj Bapna’s Mind Power Study Techniques last year and I found it very helpful during studies especially the Topper’s Daily Routine. So I wanted to buy Mind machine too… I decided to take a risk. Also considering CBSE 12th syllabus I felt that Mind machine may help me. And hence I decided to Order it on Onam Holidays(Festival of Kerala).

I had problems on memorising some Topics in Physics and Maths. I also had problems on concentrating after long hours of study. Because of this I couldn’t study for long hours. I also wished to improve my total personality & be relaxed. In addition I had exam fear so I try to make sure that I didn’t leave out anything & even then I will not be satisfied.The difficulty of the syllabus made it worse & I then decided that I should buy the Mind machine.

I got the Mind machine 2 weeks before. I opened the packing in the evening & since I was tired after class (from 9.30am till 5.00pm) I decided to use Awake & Energise program. Within 5 Minutes I was very energised. Next day evening I used ALEM 201 before studies,& I decided to study. You may not believe it, but the chapter which I studied (Current Electricity) is still in my mind! And then I understood the power of Mind machine. As my 1st term exams are going on now I use ALEM201 for studying & ALEM205 (Exam Preparation) when I go to sleep. The meditation programs & Om, Namokar are also very relaxing. Now I feel that my study time is the best time. Mind machine will help me prepare for AISSCE 2016 Thank you for creating such a masterpiece!

Of course I will recommend it to students. It is not Mind machine, it is Success Machine. Since it is a new technology, people may have doubts like I had. But it is real. It does change the
brainwaves into the desired frequency. I recommend all students to use it & feel the benefits themselves.

Repeat buyer…

—————  Kunal Vaidva

Software Engineer Bangalore, Karnataka

As a repeat buyer of the mind machine, I did not have any doubts of the machine itself. Also, I know the eCommerce is really reliable these days so online payment is a convenient way to pay… me and a friend were discussing about “Study technique” book we used in our childhood and I just searched online and found the site, once that was done I purchased the new machine within a week.

One of the main issue that I had and which most people have nowadays is the stress and lack of relaxation, there is always something wanting our attention from family, work issues, to constant buzzing of the phone, we don’t have the opportunity to turn off and concentrate on ourself and think about our problems clearly.

After I got my stipends during internship, I started to make a plan for it…

 Subrata Rov MBBS, 2015 Kolkata, WB

Well, I ordered Mind power study technique book 6yrs back while preparing for joint

entrance, I came to know about mind machines back then from the book but I could not afford it back then. After I got my stipends during internship, I started to make a plan for it & ultimately bought it 6 months back!!

I read about the machine, that it could relax one within 15-30 minutes. My duty schedule was going heavy. I wanted to relax quickly & thought that mind machine could serve my purpose. So I ordered it. And also I wanted to study in the active learning state to get maximum benefit.

Ok, after buying I first gone through the user guide so that I can use it to fullest
benefit. During my exhaustive schedule of internship, I used few of meditation programme along with ALEM 203-205 to have deep relaxation & good sleep. The machine helped me a lot to achieve that.Now,I also use Alem 201 & 202 before starting my reading to achieve the learning state while preparing for post graduate medical entrance.

[Would I recommend it?] Yes, very much, for the students who always .want to use their ability of doing anything to then- highest limit. Mind machine is really one of its kind. Indian students can easily get benefited with the use of this new scientific technology. Sideways I would also recommend highly to use Mind Power Study Technique book, as I got immense help during H.S & in medical school period.

First I was having doubt whether to buy the mind machine or not…

Mohammad Javed Khan Pre Medical Student Rampur, Maharastra

First I was having doubt whether to buy the mind machine or not, but when I read about it then I felt I need it to improve my concentration and to improve my marks. I took 2 months to decide. Then I saved my pocket money and bought it.

I was unable to concentrate much on studies, and use to get get diverted very fast. Because of it I was getting less marks and I was also having negative attitude.

By using mind [machine], my problems regarding concentration, studies were solved, my attitude also improved.

It is very good instrument for students who are preparing mainly for competitive exam, it gives you an extra edge in exam.

Now, You Can Benefit Too

(it costs much less than coaching)

7-Day Trial for Students

Find out how the mind machine helps you to study with better memory and sharper concentration to get more marks & higher rank.

  • Sector 4, Udaipur 313002. Ph 077377-14080


new financial institutions such as the New Development Bank by the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank spearheaded by China.

How to Enter the Learning State in 7 Minutes and Wake Up a Little of the Genius Inside You Simply By Changing Your Brainwaves

For Ambitious Students Preparing for Tough Exams

A unique way to study longer with better memory and sharper concentration, and to get more marks & higher rank in exams

(really important because rank/marks are crucial for your bright future)Why Studies and Exams

Why Studies and Exams

are So Hard in India
(And What You Can Do About It)

Competitive exams are extremely important in India because success or failure makes a big difference to the student and family.

So, families make big sacrifices.

And, students even feel forced to study hard because they may be responsible for creating family’s future, taking them out of hard times to better times, happiness, prestige, respect of others.

What can help?

  • Coaching helps but adds the need to spend extra time.
  • Any tools and techniques that can help you to relax, sleep better, study with sharper concentration and better memory, and study more in less time, can greatly increase success.

Mind Machine is one such tool. Find out how thousands of students are using it to enter the learning state, wake up a little of their genius, and how you too can get the same benefits.

First, let me tell you

What is the
Learning State?

Can you think of a time or event in your life when “learning” something was very easy for you?

It could be to leam something in a book, to ride a bike, to play a game.

At such times, you know with certainty “you can do it” and “time passes quickly” and “there is no stress”.

So you study longer with better memory and sharper concentration, and remember more of what you leam.

That is being in a learning state.

And, being in such a wonderful state wakes up a little of genius inside you.

Why is “learning state” so important? Because the competition is so tough and it can help you get ahead of others.

Story of My Struggle:

From “Good Student” to Topper

Hello… my name is Raj Bapna. I was an engineer at Intel in California, and now live in Udaipur Rajasthan, where I was bom.

For years, I straggled as a student because I studied hard but not Smart.

It was not really my fault because teachers had never taught me any secrets.

I got good marks but nothing great up to class 10th which caused me to worry a lot about my future studies and career.

Then I discovered a secret of learning, and just one year later … I got 5th board rank, NTSE (NCERT) scholarship, and IITJEE 1102 rank, studied at BITS and IIT, and worked Intel in California … but returned to India with excitement because my passion is to help students get success.

What is a Mind Machine

Journalists are among the first to get fascinated by the results and write articles.

Now, a rnhd machine J

to boost memory                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Mind Machines for Memory, Stress, Exams

Mind Machine is an electronic equipment and requires your MP3 player or iPod or PC or Mobile phone with mp3 player to work. It has hardware (Mind Machine CPU, Brain Booster Mind Glasses, Headphone) and Programs.

It helps you in studying all subjects including science, arts, commerce, engineering, medical, law, languages, etc.

Get 3 Big Benefits

  • Enter the Learning State so you can study long hours with sharper concentration, better memory, to remember more of what you leam.
  • Exam Mastery programs your subconscious mind to empower you to write your exams confidently with speed and accuracy, and without stress or nervousness, so you can get the marks you deserve.
  • Stress-Buster for stress relief, deep sleep,


healing and peak performance, which are important because sometimes students study too much and become sleep-deprived, unmotivated, and frustrated.

You benefit immediately because there are no techniques to leam and practice, which is really good because there is so much to study and so little time.

Students Just Love It

Imagine a race where you are in a car and others are on cycles or on foot. Surely, you’ll win the race because of the unfair advantage.

Mind Machine is like a car in the race of success in competitive exams. It can help skyrocket your success.

A Billionaire-Neuroscientist
Loves It, Too

Dr Devang H Dattani, also known as Bhagwan Sri Sri Sri Devang ji Dattani: After doing high school in Rajkot (Gujarat), he studied at top universities in USA, got PhD and worked at NASA.

An enlightened master, Dr Devang ji conductsmeditation camps and is now building a spiritual city called The Bliss City of 26900 acres (108.8 sq.Km) spanning 3 countries in Europe. He ordered our mind machine^ust out of curiosity. Initially, he was not impressed, but then he used it on his cat… he noticed it was dreaming as verified on EEG… see full story on website.

Scientifically PROVEN
Effective and SAFE

Only after it was proven effective and safe in 7 years of research by 5 PhD scholars with 120 students, the head recommended it:

“…Based on our use, research and experience with these mind machines and mind power music, we highly recommend use of Raj Bapna’s mind machines … for anyone including schools, colleges, coaching classes, libraries, teachers, and individual students and executives.”

Dr Vijaya Laxmi Chouhan, MA, PhD.

Head, Dept of Psychology ML Sukhadia University
For 7-Day Trial offer, visit:

China, Iran Sign 17 Agreements To Broaden Bilateral Cooperation


China and Iran on January 23, 2016 signed 17 documents and letters of intent to broaden bilateral cooperation. The agreements were signed in Tehran during the Chinese President, Mr. Xi Jinping’s visit to Iran. The agreements cover various fields such as energy, industrial capacity, finance, investment, communications, culture, judiciary, science and technology, news media, customs, climate change and human resources. During the visit, Mr. Xi Jinping and Iranian President Mr. Hassan Rouhani agreed to elevate their ties to a comprehensive strategic partnership to boost cooperation on all fronts and carry forward their old friendship. Mr. Xi Jinping’s visit assumed significance as it was his first trip since the lifting of sanctions on Iran. The USA, European nations and Japan lifted oil and financial sanctions under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPA) or Vienna Agreement. Moreover, it was also the first trip by a Chinese head of state in 14 years. And, for Mr. Xi Jinping, it was the first trip to the Middle East since he took office in March 2013.

Trade between the two countries stood at some $52 billion in 2014, but that figure dropped in 2015 due to plunging oil prices. China is Iran’s biggest trade partner, and continued purchasing oil from Iran after nuclear- related sanctions were tightened in 2012, despite the US pressure. Mr. Rouhani said that China has always stood by the side of the Iranian nation during hard days. Iran’s Supreme Leader Mr. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the final say on all state matters, told Mr. jinping that Iran would continue its policy of bolstering ties with the East. He praised China’s independent stance in global issues, saying it helped deepen strategic ties with Tehran. Mr. Khamenei said that Iran would not forget China’s support at the time of sanctions. Iran is also an important country for China for the successful implementation of its Belt and Road initiative in the Middle East and beyond the region up to the Europe. China is one of the six world powers— along with the US, Germany, France, Britain and Russia—that reached a landmark agreement with Iran last summer to lift international sanctions in exchange for Tehran curbing its nuclear programme. The deal was implemented after the UN nuclear watchdog certified that Iran had fulfilled all its commitments.

IMF Implements 2010 Quota And Governance         Reforms

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on January 27, 2016 implemented the long-pending 2010 Quota and Governance Reforms. The reforms represent a major step towards the increasing role of dynamic emerging markets and developing countries. The entry into force of these reforms will reinforce the credibility, effectiveness, and legitimacy of the IMF. These proposed reforms are the biggest change in the governance of the IMF (lender of last resort) since it was established after World War II in 1945 after the Bretton Woods Conference. IMF Managing Director Ms. Christine Lagarde said that a more representative, modern IMF would ensure that the institution was able to better meet the needs of its members in a rapidly