The Daily Fix: India’s coasts are under threat – from its own governments

The Indian coast, which measures 7,516 km and the only coastal states receive about 560 million people, according to data from the 2011 census. Along the coast live several vulnerable communities that depend on the sea and the shore for their livelihood. The law also recognizes the traditional rights of the coast. Supported by order of the Supreme Court, environmentalists have succeeded in recent years, forcing the government to regulate the coast and to develop rules that, when applied in spirit, protect this ecosystem sensitive against development and degenerative damage.

But despite years of activism and judicial pronouncements, governments continue to act very opaque about coastal regulations. Central and state governments have resisted sharing information about important regulatory mechanisms and the changes that take them periodically. Many of these changes are made in direct contradiction with the original legislation and are in the form of condontion of unbridled construction and industrial violations of retrospective permits. In some cases, as in Tamil Nadu, the government in order to conceal crucial public opinion coastal plans in order to facilitate invasions in streams and estuaries. These invasions have been one of the reasons for the floods that hit Chennai in December 2015.

The effects of an operation of this type non-transparent could cause incalculable damage to the coast, as we have seen in the case of Pondicherry. A port project that was launched despite opposition in the 1980s has led to severe coastal erosion, Pondicherry’s famous beach completely disappear in a few years. Today, what was once a beautiful sandy beach was replaced by breakwaters to contain erosion.

The Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Union is no better, if not worse, than the state governments. The Center has developed a new legal framework to protect the coast. Call for notification of the coastal zone control in 2017, which will replace the notification of coastal zone regulation 2011. Its contents have not been made publicly available. The wording has been made with the public consultation close to zero, even if it is about the lives of about 560 million people. Activists are still struggling to get the coordinates of the high tide Line, a key element in the implementation of the coastal regulation zone.

Although the government seems to believe that the denial of transparency could help achieve short-term economic benefits through the use of coastal resources, this only leads to long-term irreversible damage to India’s environmental interests. That is why the Supreme Court in 1995 stated:

“To tolerate violation of the laws [of the environment] is worse than not promulgating the legislation at all …. The continued tolerance of such violations of the law not only renders irrefutable legal provisions, but such tolerance by the authorities in charge Of law enforcement fosters illegality and means of adoption that can not or should not be tolerated in a civilized society. ”

India’s new littoral rules were promulgated in confidence and facilitated further commercialization.
The Ministry of Environment and Forests of the Union will not disclose the details of India’s high tide line, facing this important information as a business asset.
Vinita Govindarajan reports how Tamil Nadu concealed the crucial coastal plan to allow intrusion of a stream near Madras.

Air India parts may take time to digest, but IndiGo is one for the long haul

Air India parts may take time to digest, but IndiGo is one for the long haul

With domestic passenger traffic crossing the $ 10 million mark for the first time in a month of May 2017 and the occupancy factor touching a new high of 88.9 percent, Indian carriers seem to fly high.

The aviation industry, although highly competitive, has a good place with beneficial fuel prices and increased passenger traffic generated by the influx of the middle class.

In this environment, we believe that players with excellent networks and solid financial performance and are well placed.

Interglobe Aviation, known as indigo, the market leader in the domestic sky, now aims to announce its intention to acquire the international operations of Air India and Air India Express.

Is it too ambitious, or is the selection of parts of the national cherry portfolio a well-thought-out strategy that will generate long-term value?

Domestic traffic in India grew by 20 percent composed by AFS-14-17, winning rail market in first-class rail rail traffic registered a growth of rail traffic and lean non-suburban passengers has declined.

The construction industry and additional capacity placed orders for almost 829 aircraft (the current fleet size is 498).

According to an IDFC report, 251 additional aircraft will be added to the fleet before August 20, which will result in an increase in capacity, measured by ASKM (kilometers of seats available), 15% consisted of FY17-20 This additional capacity is expected to increase 17 percent of passenger traffic.

The industry has experienced a load factor of 78.8% in FY 2005 to 81.7% in year 17. The load factor is estimated to be stable at around 80% of additional passenger growth capacity.

The paradigm shift in the industry due to lower fuel prices – from above $ 100 per barrel to the current level of nearly $ 45 per barrel.

As the only fuel contributes about 30 to 35 percent of an airline’s total cost, the price drop has led many airlines to be profitable after posting losses for years.

IndiGo dominates the sky of India with a market share of 40 percent; If international traffic is launched, its market share remains healthy, or 34.9%.

Its passenger traffic recorded a significant growth of nearly 28 percent compared to FY12-17 compound, against industry growth of about 10 percent on the back of its unadorned products at competitive prices, reach and performance in time

IndiGo navigates well in the sky due to operational efficiency. The company has focused on reducing each component that appears in its cost structure.

The cost per unit of Indigo is lower compared to other companies in the sector, as shown in the following table. Even when oil prices were high, the company was able to consistently earn profits. Now, with low prices, you expect the benefits to take off.

The company also has a young fleet (average age of five), which gives it more energy efficiency. Using a single aircraft configuration and class also allows you to reduce training costs.

In addition, the company was able to use its assets better than its competitors: the use of airplanes is 12.7 hours per day (SpiceJet: 10 hours a day).

HPCL gains over 6%, while IOC, ONGC fall as brokerages dissect deal dynamics

HPCL gains over 6%, while IOC, ONGC fall as brokerages dissect deal dynamics

In the context of mergers and acquisitions (M & A) in the oil and gas space, oil trading companies (WTO) reacted in various ways in the stock markets.

HPCL shares rose more than 6 percent intraday, while ONGC and the IOC fell between 1 and 2.3 percent. Investors were encouraged after prospects HPCL reported discussions on mergers.

In the meantime, they were cautious about the rest because the deal would mean more trouble and pain for both.

Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Wednesday that the merger between the two companies will be completed during the current year, CNBC-TV18 quoted quoting agencies as saying.

The PTI news agency said earlier this month that the government was trying to sell 51 percent of HPCL to ONGC to more than Rs 26 billion rupees.

Following the outbreak of the Council of Ministers, the government could move to appoint valuation and transaction advisers, while ONGC may also decide to hire commercial banks to arrive at the assessment of government involvement.

ONGC had a cash reserve of 13,014 crore rupees and will finance the acquisition of government participation in HPLC, will be provided at least Rs 10 billion crores, the source said.

Major global brokers have highlighted the good times in the HPLC warehouse, but said the deal could mean difficult times for the IOC and ONGC. Moneycontrol examines the views of the transaction.

The global financial services firm said that since such an operation could be considered as a transfer between shares between developers, it does not require the approval of minority shareholders and can not trigger a mandatory open offer. However, the minority shareholders of both companies may have something to say in this type of transaction, he added.

Minorities HPCL, according to the report, may be worth an evaluation exercise to determine a fair value for the action and see if a control premium is warranted.

“The likely intention of the government (as reported) to seek the advice of independent evaluators and request the open offer exemption, therefore, may indicate caution on their part because the two issues could be the subject of controversy for minorities,” he said. The Citi report.

On the other hand, he highlighted how ONGC may have to sell its stake to finance the acquisition. He cited media reports stating that significant energy could consider selling a 13.8% stake in the IOC.

“This could make a logical sense for ONGC as the value of its share is equal to 4.1 billion dollars, almost equal to the value of the government’s participation in HPLC 51% ($ 4.3 billion CMP),” said the firm In its report.

Citi added that the evolution of strong trends in fuel consumption and daily fuel prices are positive. “While the first quarter could be affected by inventory losses, we asked investors to look beyond these factors,” he added.

CLSA also cited media reports on the completion of the transaction by the end of the year. In addition, he also emphasized how the ONGC debt could increase in the back of this proposed transaction.

“More importantly, an NGO holding structure would be created implying a possible leakage value of Rs 6.5 / sh (4% of the current price) using a 50% premium at the current HPLC price and assuming that the market Allocates a holding company (that is, 20%), “the company analysts wrote in its report.

Meanwhile, for minority shareholders, he said, since it is a government-to-government transaction, it may not be a specific minority approval.

As for the monetization of its problems, he said that with the ONGC plan to sell the money in the IOC, the government also plans to sell part of its 57 percent of the IOC.

“We are seeing a global offer of $ 6 billion or 20% participation in the IOC in the short and medium term, which can be a huge inertia for the population,” the report added.

In addition, he indicated that the activity could lead to many of those transactions. In the oil space, he said, the IOC could be the next big company that could be invited to acquire the small Oil India.

“If offered as an ONGC it could imply a loss of value for IOCL and it would be negative,” said

That ‘Alien Megastructure’ Star Just Kicked Into Action Again, And Scientists Are Freaking Out

That ‘Alien Megastructure’ Star Just Kicked Into Action Again, And Scientists Are Freaking Out

The strangest star in the universe soon recovered its efforts, researchers reporting that its light began to darken strange – just as it did two years ago when he baffled scientists of their uneven light emissions.

This time, we are witnessing the ongoing research, because over the weekend, astronomers began to run on Twitter, telling everyone: a telescope big enough to agree on the star and help them understand what it’s happening.
In late 2015, a team of astronomers led by Tabetha Boyajian of Yale University noticed something peculiar – a strange light pattern surrounding the star that no one could explain now.

One of the best ways for scientists to locate and study distant stars is to follow the path they emit light – light and glow periodic gaps can reveal the existence of one or more large objects in orbit regularly .

These immersions in brightness are usually very light, stars usually reduce to less than 1% every few days, weeks or months, depending on the size of the orbiting planets.

The 2015 models were so bizarre that they even led a scientist who suggests the possibility of “getting alien” as a Dyson sphere has broken its broadcasts.

“Foreigners should always be the last case you are considering,” said Jason Wright, an astronomer at Pennsylvania State University, in the Atlantic at the time, “but it seemed like something that’s just waiting for an extraterrestrial civilization buildup.”

Others suggested comet swarms, the remaining feces of a devoured planet, or even a scenario in which KIC 8462852 is so deformed, becomes a form that gives it a greater radius at the equator than on poles, but none has been widely Accepted by the scientific community.

The problem was the lack of data – it is more than enough to test or reject the deployment scenarios.

“We embarrassed ourselves in a place where we could do nothing,” Boyajian told the Verge. “We had all the data we could, and to learn more, we had to catch it again.”

Humanity’s ‘doomsday’ seed vault is probably still safe

Humanity’s ‘doomsday’ seed vault is probably still safe

On Friday, a multitude of alarming newsletters emerged

on Svalbard’s Global Seed Vault. Apparently, the water had violated this type of “security” of the planet’s seeds that are supposed to protect the food supply of the earth in the case of a “judgment day” scenario.

The alleged failure of the vault, buried deep in the Arctic slope, occurred after warmer than usual temperatures, which caused the formation of a permafrost layer, “sending cast water that gushes into the entrance tunnel” and Assuming the collection of the world’s most diverse crop seeds at risk, according to the Guardian.

“The seeds of the Arctic fortress of the world flooded after permafrost pétrissement,” the newspaper said.

“Doomsday dome of Arctic Seeds flooded. Thank you, global warming,” said Wired.

Although the water has exceeded the threshold of the vault, no seeds were damaged. However, a spokesman for Statsbygg – a group advising the Norwegian government, which owns the safe – warned that it would be a matter of time before they were.

“A lot of water occurred early in the tunnel, then it froze on the ice, so it was like a glacier when it arrived,” said spokesman Statsbygg, Heja Njaa Aschim in The Guardian of the Water Rape.

Saturday Statsbygg looked back at some of these comments in a statement posted on the secure website. Yes, there was a “water intrusion depending on the season” on the outside of the seed vault, but the group was already taking precautionary measures to improve the external tunnel to prevent future events.

“The seeds in the seed vault were never threatened and will remain safe during the implementation of measures,” the statement said.

According to the statement, proposed improvements include the removal of heat sources such as a transformer station, tunnel and the construction of drainage ditches on the side of the mountain to prevent accumulation of the water melting around the entrance. In addition, the waterproof walls were built inside the tunnel. Finally, being “better than cure” said Statsbygg researchers will monitor the development of permafrost in Svalbard.

“The seeds are safe and sound,” wrote the Crop Trust, an international non-profit group that helped establish Svalbard’s vault in 2008.

So who is it? Is that part of the water leaked in a safe “to safety test” is not serious? Or are we as a human race condemned to die, starve and cross, in case of global catastrophe?

The answer is measured. Representatives of Statsbygg and Crop Trust did not immediately respond to an interview request via e-mail Saturday. However, Confianza crops resumed an article twice in Popular Science magazine on Saturday, which seemed to indicate that the situation was not as serious as initially reported.
“In my experience, it was not the water intrusion into the face of the tunnel every year,” said Cary Fowler, an American farmer who helped create the seed vault. Although he was not in the vault watching the incident, he noted that “flooding” was probably not the most accurate word to describe what happened.

“The tunnel was never designed to be water resistant in the front because I do not think we would need it,” Fowler said in Popular Science. “What happens in the summer, the permafrost melts and the water, and when it goes, it freezes. Usually, it is not far.”

However, this does not mean that the underlying cause of warming of permafrost temperatures – should be ignored.

“At the end of the day, we have to realize that, in a sense, everything is relative to this initiative,” Fowler magazine said. “This whole planet is warming up, and that includes Svalbard.”

Global warming has been particularly notable in Arctic regions, and the melting of permafrost is only one consequence; The other includes the melting of larger glaciers, which could result in a dramatic rise in sea level, as reported by Chris Mooney of the post.

On Friday, a multitude of alarming newsletters emerged on Svalbard’s Global Seed Vault. Apparently, the water had violated this type of “security” of the planet’s seeds that are supposed to protect the food supply of the earth in the case of a “judgment day” scenario.

The alleged failure of the vault, buried deep in the Arctic slope, occurred after warmer than usual temperatures, which caused the formation of a permafrost layer, “sending cast water that gushes into the entrance tunnel” and Assuming the collection of the world’s most diverse crop seeds at risk, according to the Guardian.

“The seeds of the Arctic fortress of the world flooded after permafrost pétrissement,” the newspaper said.

“Doomsday dome of Arctic Seeds flooded. Thank you, global warming,” said Wired.

Although the water has exceeded the threshold of the vault, no seeds were damaged. However, a spokesman for Statsbygg – a group advising the Norwegian government, which owns the safe – warned that it would be a matter of time before they were.

“A lot of water occurred early in the tunnel, then it froze on the ice, so it was like a glacier when it arrived,” said spokesman Statsbygg, Heja Njaa Aschim in The Guardian of the Water Rape.

Saturday Statsbygg looked back at some of these comments in a statement posted on the secure website. Yes, there was a “water intrusion depending on the season” on the outside of the seed vault, but the group was already taking precautionary measures to improve the external tunnel to prevent future events.

“The seeds in the seed vault were never threatened and will remain safe during the implementation of measures,” the statement said.

According to the statement, proposed improvements include the removal of heat sources such as a transformer station, tunnel and the construction of drainage ditches on the side of the mountain to prevent accumulation of the water melting around the entrance. In addition, the waterproof walls were built inside the tunnel. Finally, being “better than cure” said Statsbygg researchers will monitor the development of permafrost in Svalbard.

“The seeds are safe and sound,” wrote the Crop Trust, an international non-profit group that helped establish Svalbard’s vault in 2008.

So who is it? Is that part of the water leaked in a safe “to safety test” is not serious? Or are we as a human race condemned to die, starve and cross, in case of global catastrophe?

The answer is measured. Representatives of Statsbygg and Crop Trust did not immediately respond to an interview request via e-mail Saturday. However, Confianza crops resumed an article twice in Popular Science magazine on Saturday, which seemed to indicate that the situation was not as serious as initially reported.
“In my experience, it was not the water intrusion into the face of the tunnel every year,” said Cary Fowler, an American farmer who helped create the seed vault. Although he was not in the vault watching the incident, he noted that “flooding” was probably not the most accurate word to describe what happened.

“The tunnel was never designed to be water resistant in the front because I do not think we would need it,” Fowler said in Popular Science. “What happens in the summer, the permafrost melts and the water, and when it goes, it freezes. Usually, it is not far.”

However, this does not mean that the underlying cause of warming of permafrost temperatures – should be ignored.

“At the end of the day, we have to realize that, in a sense, everything is relative to this initiative,” Fowler magazine said. “This whole planet is warming up, and that includes Svalbard.”

Global warming has been particularly notable in Arctic regions, and the melting of permafrost is only one consequence; The other includes the melting of larger glaciers, which could result in a dramatic rise in sea level, as reported by Chris Mooney of the post.

Climate change is increasingly turning Antarctica green

Climate change is increasingly turning Antarctica green

The mental image that most of us have of Antarctica is a marked earth gelatin, white as far as the eye can see. But according to new research it might not be the case in the future as the continent becomes more and more green in response to rising temperatures. Researchers at the University of Exeter have taken moss banks of core samples along the Antarctic Peninsula and found that biological activity has increased dramatically in the last 50 years or so.

The study follows the previous work of the team in 2013, which revealed that the warming of the periodic region causes changes in ecology which are largely unprecedented parts. However, although this study focused only on the southern part of the Antarctic Peninsula, this time the team sampled a greater number of sites and found even more consistent results at all times.

“This gives us a much clearer picture of the scale of these changes,” says Matthew Amesbury, lead author of the study. “Previously, we had identified such a response in one place at the southern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, but we now know that moss banks respond to recent climate change across the peninsula.”

The annual average temperatures rising in the region of about 0.5 ° C (0.9 ° F) every decade since the 1950s, the Antarctic peninsula is one of the fastest places on earth. To study the effect it might have on the weakness of plant life calling the continent home, the Exeter team has sampled the basic foam benches. With the deepest sections dating back 150 years, these samples have a detailed picture of biological activity during this period.

As we have seen in the previous study, this biological activity has increased rapidly in the last 50 years. But this time, five samples were taken at three sites – Elephant Island, Ardley Island and Green Island – located 600 km (373 miles). Even at this distance, the samples showed very consistent results, indicating that these changes apply to a much wider area than previously thought.

“The temperature increases in approximately the last half century in the Antarctic Peninsula have had a dramatic effect on foam banks in the region, with a rapid increase in growth and microbial activity,” said Dan Charman, lead researcher of the study. “If this continues, and with increasing amounts of land without permanent ice receding glaciers, the Antarctic Peninsula will be a much greener place in the future.”

In the future, the team plans to expand its study of foam cores for thousands of years to get a long-term picture of Antarctica’s ecology dating back to before human activity begins to have an impact on the climate.

New workout suit by MIT breathes out body’s heat, sweat

New workout suit by MIT breathes out body’s heat, sweat

MIT scientists have designed an exercise suit with breathable ventilation valves that open and close in response to the heat and sweat of an athlete. These components, ranging from the thumbnail image to the size of the fingers align with the microbial cells that shrink and grow in response to changes in living moisture.
The cells act as sensors and small actuators, causing the fins to open when athlete sweat and retains when the body cools.
Researchers have also fabricated a running shoe with an inner layer similar to the flaps of the cells to get out of the air humidity and discharge. Moisture sensitive cells require no additional elements to detect and respond to moisture. The microbial cells they use have also been found to be safe to touch and even to consume.
In the study published in the journal Advances Science, researchers designed moisture-sensitive cells not only to pull open blinds, but also illuminated in response to moisture conditions.
“We can combine our cells with genetic tools to introduce other characteristics of these living cells,” said Wen Wang, a former Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) scientist in the United States.
“We use fluorescence as an example, which allows people to know it again in the dark. In the future, we can combine the aroma release capabilities through genetic engineering. So maybe after after having done The gym, the shirt can release a pleasant odor to the smell, “Wang said.
The researchers first worked with the most common non-pathogenic E. coli strain, which has been shown to swell and shrink in response to changes in moisture.
We then designed the cells to express the green fluorescent protein, which allows the cell to glow when it detects moisture conditions. It then uses a cell printing method that previously developed for E. coli printing on the rough and natural latex sheets.

The team printed parallel lines of E. coli cells on the latex sheets, creating two-layer structures and exposing the tissue to changing wet conditions.
When the tissue was placed on a heating plate for drying, the cells began to reduce, which caused the surface layer of latex to curl. When the tissue is then exposed to vapor, the cells began to glow and expand, causing the elasticity of the latex.
After undergoing 100 wet / dry cycles, Wang said that the fabric had “no dramatic deterioration” either in its cell layer or in its overall performance.
The researchers worked on bio-cloth in a portable garment design of a racing suit with latex fins stamped cells on the back of the suit lined up.
“People may think that heat and sweat are the same, but in fact, some areas like the lower spine produce a lot of sweat, but not a lot of heat,” said Yao Liner, a former student Graduated from MIT.